Terminology

Being a traditional martial art, instruction in Kuk Sool is given in Korean as well as the native tongue of the Student. Below is some of the terminology used in Kuk Sool. Because Korean (Han Gul, the great language) uses a different alphabet than English, the spellings below are only phonetic approximations. Please consult with a native Korean speaker for proper pronunciation.


Basic Terms

Ye Ui; Etiquette Ui Bok; Clothing
Gyeong Rye; Salute, Bow Su Ryeon; Practice
Cha Ryeo; Attention Geuman; Stop
Jeong Jwa; Proper Sitting (Kneeling) Swi-eo; Rest
Junbi; Ready Ki; Internal Life Force
Si Jak; Begin Gi Cho Jja gi; Breathing Exercises that Wring Out Ki”
Kkeut; Finish (Completion) Gihap; Special Yell utilizing “Ki Energy
 Baro; Straight Alignment (Used for Signaling a Return to Upright Posture After Bowing)  Sumswigi; Breathing
 Do Jang; Practice Hall  Mompulgi; Body Conditioning Exercises
 Do Bok; Uniform  Guk Gi; National Flag
 Tti; Belt  Won Gi; Kuk Sool Association Flag

 

Names and Titles

 

Kuk Sa Nim; Grandmaster (10th degree Black Belt) {literally: National Teacher}
Chong Kwan Jang Nim; Chiefmaster (9th degree Black Belt) Je Ja; Martial Arts Apprentice, Disciple
Kwan Jang Nim; Master (5th, 6th,
7th, 8th degree Black Belt)
Dan Bo Nim; Black Belt Candidate (Black-Brown Belt)
Sa Beom Nim; Instructor (4th degree Black Belt) Ja Tti; Brown Belt
Bu Sa Beom Nim; Deputy Instructor (3rd degree Black Belt) Hong Tti; Red Belt
Gyo Sa Nim; Assistant Instructor (2nd degree Black Belt) Cheong Tti; Blue Belt
Jo Gyo Nim; Instructor-in-Training (1st degree Black Belt) No-Ran Tti; Yellow Belt
Yu Dan Ja; Black Belt Holder Huin Tti; White Belt

 

Counting

 

Il; First Ha-Na; One Seu Mul; Twenty
 Ee ; Second  Dul ; Two  Seo Reun ; Thirty
 Sam ; Third  Set ; Three  Ma Heun ; Forty
 Sa ; Fourth  Net ; Four  Swin ; Fifty
 O ; Fifth  Da Seot ; Five  Ye Soon ; Sixty
 Yuk ; Sixth  Yeo Seot ; Six  Il Heun ; Seventy
 Chil ; Seventh  Il Gop ; Seven  Yue Deun ; Eighty
 Pal ; Eighth  Yeo Deol ; Eight  A-Heun ; Ninety
 Gu ; Ninth  A-Hop ; Nine  Baek ; One Hundred
 Sip ; Tenth  Yeol ; Ten

 

Parts of the Body

 

Son; Hand Pal Kkum Chi; Elbow
Bal; Foot Eo Kkae; Shoulder
Da-Ri; Leg An Son Mok; Inside of Wrist
Mu-Reup; Knee Bal Deung; Ridge on Top of Foot
Son Mok; Wrist (Hand’s Neck) Maek; Vital Point
Bal Kkum Chi; Heel Hyeol; Acupuncture/Acupressure Point

 

Directions and Movements

 

Ap; Front Ban-Dae-Ro; The Other Way, Other Side
Yeop; Side Yeok; Reverse, Inverted
Dwi; Back, Rear Dol Ah; Spinning, Turning
Ahn; Inside Dwi Ro Dol Ah; Turn Around, About Face
Ttwi-Eo; Jumping Sang; High
Hoe Jeon; Rolling, Rotating Jung; Middle
Yang; Both Ha; Low
Ssang; Double, Twin

 

Historical Martial Arts

 

Sa Do Mu Sool; Tribal or Family Martial Art
Bul Gyo Mu Sool; Martial Art practiced in the Buddhist Temples
Gung Jung Mu Sool; Martial Art of the Royal Court

 

Martial Art Animals

 

Ho-Rang-I; Tiger Sa Ma Gwi; Praying Mantis
Dok-Su-Ri; Eagle Yong; Dragon
Baem; Snake Hak; Crane

 

Ja Se (Stances)

 

Gong Kyeok Ja Se; Offensive Position Gi Ma Ja Se; Horse-Riding Stance
Bang Eo Ja Se; Defensive Position Jeon Gul Ja Se; Long Stance with Bent Front-Leg
Gul Gok Ja Se; Crouching Stance (a.k.a. Back Stance or Cat Stance)

 

Soo Gi (Hand Techniques)

 

Jeong Gwon; Straight Fist (Punch) Soo Do; Knife Hand
Yeok Gwon; Inverted Fist (Uppercut) Yeok Soo Do; Inverted Knife Hand
Gak Gwon; Back Fist Ssang Soo Do; Double Knife Hand
Il Ji Gwon; 1-Finger (i.e. Knuckle) Fist Hoe Jeon Soo Do; Rolling Knife Hand
Sa Ji Gwon; 4-Knuckle Fist Pyeong Soo; Palm Strike
Jung Ji Gwon; Middle-Knuckle Fist Ssang Pyeong Soo; Double Palm Strike
Sa Ma Gwi Gwon; Praying Mantis Fist Son Deung Pyeong Soo; Backhand Strike
Sa Ma Gwi Mak-Gi; Praying Mantis Block Gwan Soo; Spear Hand
Sip Ja Mak-Gi; Four-Direction Block Pal Kkum Chi Chi-Gi; Elbow Strike
Gam-A Mak-Gi; Entangling Block Ho Gwon; Tiger Claw Strike
Ap Dwi Soo Gi; Front & Rear Punching Drill Ho Gu Gwon; Tiger’s Mouth Grip
Jwa Woo Jeong Gwon Dwi Soo Do; 1-2 Punch, Spinning Knife Hand (Combination)

 

Jok Sool (Leg Techniques or Kicking)

 

Ap Cha Gi; Front Kick Ap Cha Ol Ri Gi; Projection Kick (using Straight Leg)
Yeop Cha Gi; Side Kick Hoo Ri Gi; Foot Sweep
Dwi Cha Gi; Back Kick Jjik Eo Cha Gi; Axe Kick
An Da Ri Cha Gi; Inner Leg Kick Bal Deung Cha Gi; Round Kick (Striking with Top of Foot)
Ba Kkat Da Ri Cha Gi; Outer Leg Kick Bal Kkum Chi Cha Gi; Hook Kick (Striking with Point of Heel)
Dol-A Cha Gi; Spin Kick Dwi Dol-A Yeop Cha Gi; Backward Turning Side Kick
Sang Dan Dol-A Cha Gi; High Spin Kick Yeok Bal Deung Cha Gi; Inverted Round Kick
Ha Dan Dol-A Cha Gi; Low Spin Kick An Kkum Chi Dol Ri Gi; Inside HeelKick (Toes Turned Outward)
Mu Reup Cha Gi; Knee Kick Ttwi Eo Cha Gi; Jumping Kicks

 

Nak Beop (Falling Principles)

 

Ap Nak Beop; Front Fall Hoe Jeon Nak Beop; Rolling Fall
Dwi Nak Beop; Back Fall Go Yang I Nak Beop; Cat Roll
Yeop Nak Beop; Side Fall Du Son Pung Cha; 2-Hand Cartwheel
Ah Yeop Nak Beop; Twisting Fall (Sideways Front Fall) Han Son Pung Cha; 1-Hand Cartwheel
Pung Cha; Windmill (Cartwheel) Pal Kkum Chi Pung Cha; Elbow Cartwheel
Gong Jung Nak Beop; High Fall (in Mid-Air) Gong Jung Pung Cha; Aerial Cartwheel

 

Moo Gi (Weapons)

 

Gum; Sword Chang; Spear
Dan Gum; Short Sword Do Kki; Battle Axe
Kal Gum; Knife Gung Sool; Archery
Dan Do; Knife or Short Sword Jul Bong; Flail (Jointed Staff)
Wol Do; Halberd (Moon Knife) Sam Jul Bong; Three Sectioned Staff
Gung Si; Bow & Arrow Dan Bong; Short Staff
Bu Chae; Fan Jung Bong; Middle Staff
Ji Pang I; Walking Cane Jang Bong; Long Staff
Po Bak; Rope Kuk (Sool) Gung; Traditional Korean Archery (utilizing a thumb draw)

 

Greetings and Phrases

 

An Nyoung Ha Sim Ni Kka; Hello / Hi / How Are You
An Nyoung Hee Ga Sip Si Yo; Goodbye / Go Safely
Su Go Haet Seum Ni Da; You Worked Hard
Gam Sa Ham Ni Da; Thank You
Cheon Man Eh Yo; You’re Welcome
Su Ryeon Kkeut; Practice Finished